Looking for something particular at The Knitting Wool Store? please use the search box below-

Shop with confidence & security at The Knitting Wool Store- using either your debit, credit card or Paypal.


Some Common Knitting Pattern Abbreviations

Knitting patterns have to use many abbreviations otherwise the pattern would just become to lengthy, the  meanings for  most the ones used in any given pattern are normally  supplied with it.

However here we have  a list of some of the most common ones as a handy guide to knitting pattern abbreviations.

Knitting and Crocheting Books

Knitting & Crocheting Accessories

alt: Alternate – worked on every other row or stitch

beg: Begin or beginning – to start as specified or position to be worked at or from, measured from or marked.

cont: Continue – carry on working

dec: Decrease or decreasing – by working 2 or more stitches together.

Instructions will state how many stitches are to be decreased and quite often will have a row or rows set out to show how the stitches should be decreased. If no specific instructions are given how to decrease, work as follows:
To dec 1 st – The right-hand needle is inserted knitwise or purlwise in next 2 stitches on left-hand needle at the same time and complete as if knitting or purling 1 stitch, thus making 1 stitch out of 2.

 To dec 2 sts – The right-hand needle is inserted knitwise or purlwise in next 3 stitches on left-hand needle at the same time and complete as if knitting or purling 1 stitch, thus making 1 stitches out of 3.

 If more stitches need to be decreased – insert needle into number of stitches to be decreased plus one more and complete as above.

 foll: Following

g st: Garter stitch – knit every stitch on every row. (Also refers to texture of fabric produced by knitting every stitch.)

inc: Increase or increasing – by working twice or more times into same stitch.
 Instructions will state how many stitches to increase and quite often will have row or rows set out to how the stitches should be increased. If no specific instructions are given, work as follows:

 To inc 1 st – Knit or purl in next stitch, but do not drop this stitch off left needle, work into back of stitch again, then drop this stitch off left needle.

To inc 2 or more sts – Keep working into back and front of stitch until required number of stitches are increased (the number of times worked into a stitch would be the number of stitches increased, plus first original stitch).

 k: Knit k st – With yarn at back, insert point of right-hand needle in front of stitch from left to right on left-hand needle, bring yarn under and over the top of point of right needle, draw loop through stitch and drop this stitch off left needle.

 k row or rows – Knit every stitch across each row until required number of rows have been worked.

Kw: knitwise direction

 m1: Make one – with point of left needle pick up horizontal loop lying between stitch just worked and next stitch and knit or purl into the back of it.

p: Purl p st- With yarn at front, insert point of right hand needle in front of stitch from right to left on left needle, bring yarn over and under the top of point of right needle, draw loop through stitch and drop this stitch off left needle.

 p row or rows – Purl ever stitch across each row until required number of rows have been worked.

Pw: purlwise direction

 patt: Pattern – texture of fabric created by stitches as set out on stated rows. (Also means, continue working or maintaining working stitches as set out before.)

psso: Pass slipped stitch over –insert point of left needle into front of slipped stitch (second stitch) on right needle, lift this stitch and place over first stitch on right needle.

p2sso: Pass 2 slipped stitch over –insert point of left needle into front of first then second slipped stitches on right needle, lift these stitches and place over first stitch on right needle.

rem: Remain or remaining

rep: Repeat

Rev st st: Reverse stocking stitch

RS: Right side

skpo: Slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over

sppo: slip 1, purl1,pass slipped stitch over.

ssk: Slip, slip, knit- results in a left-slanting decrease. The slip, slip, knit decrease is the mirror image of knit 2 stitches together (k2tog): It slants to the left. 1, Slip the first stitch on the LH needle (as if to knit) to the RH needle without actually knitting it. 2,Do the same with the next stitch. 3,Insert the LH needle into the front loops of these stitches (left to right). 4, Wrap the yarn in the usual way around the RH needle and knit the 2 slipped stitches together.

sl: Slip  sl 1 – Insert point of right needle in front knit wise (from left to right) or purl wise from (right to left) of next stitch on left needle and slip this stitch off left needle without working into it.

 sl 2: slip 2 or more stitches – work in same way as sl1 until 2 or stated number of stitches have been slipped.

 st(s): Stitch or stitches

st st: Stocking stitch – knit all stitches on right side rows and purl all stitches on wrong side rows. Also means the texture of fabric that is created by knitting and purling alternately to produce smooth surface on knit (right) side and ridged surface on purl (wrong) side.

tbl: through back of loop

tog: Together – work 2 or more stitches together at the same time

 k2tog – Insert point of right hand needle in front of second stitch, then in front of first stitch on left-hand needle, bring yarn under and over the top of point of right-hand needle, draw loop through both stitches and drop them off left-hand needle.

 p2tog – Insert point of right hand needle in front of first stitch, then in front of second stitch on left needle, bring yarn over and under the top of point of right-hand needle, draw loop through both stitches and drop them off left-hand needle.

 k3tog or p3tog or more stitches – Work as k2tog or p2tog, but inserting needle through 3 or more stitches.

 k1tbl – With yarn at back, insert point of right-hand needle from right to left in back of stitch on left-hand needle, bring yarn under and over the top of point of right-hand needle, draw loop through stitch and drop this stitch off left-hand needle.

 p1tbl – With yarn at front, insert point of right-hand needle from right to left in back of stitch on left-hand needle, bring yarn over and under the top of point of right-hand needle, draw loop through stitch and drop this stitch off left-hand needle.

 ws: Wrong side

yf: Yarn forward is usually worked between 2 knit stitches – bring yarn between needles from back to front of work and over point of right needle to make a st.

yon: Yarn over needle is usually worked between purl and knit stitches – take yarn over point of right-hand needle to make a st.

yrn: Yarn round needle
 When worked between 2 purl stitches – take yarn over and under point of right-hand needle, bringing it to front of work to make a st.

 Worked between knit and purl stitches – take yarn between needles from back to front, then over and under point of right-hand needle, bringing it to front of work to make a st.

ytf: yarn to front

ytb: yarn to back

Symbols: A * at the beginning and end of a section means that this section will be repeated.

[] instructions in square brackets mean that this section of the pattern is worked for all sizes.

() Instructions in round brackets are for larger sizes.

Crochet Pattern Abbreviations

The Knitting Wool Store Knitting Techniques Knitting Pattern Abbreviations


Guarantee from The Knitting Wool Store:-

Remember, if you are not happy with your purchase then you may return your yarn to us for a full no quibble refund.

shaun the sheep

If you have any queries please feel free to Contact Us, we will always be happy to hear from you.

Check our economy Postal Rates Here.

Recent Articles

  1. 400g Bulky Knitting Yarn super price for lovely chunky knitting wool

    Aug 17, 17 12:47 AM

    400g Bulky Knitting Yarn purchase quality chunky knitting yarn by Madam Tricote Paris at a very special price

    Read More

  2. Fancy Chunky Yarn delightful knitting yarn full of flowers

    Aug 17, 17 12:28 AM

    Fancy Chunky Yarn Alize Flowers is a gorgeous knitting yarn with flowers sprinkled at random throughout

    Read More

  3. Crochet Cotton Offer best price for this super crochet cotton

    Aug 16, 17 01:37 AM

    Crochet Cotton Offer buy our 100% cotton crochet yarn at a special discount price

    Read More